Start-up notification of private trader
A person residing in the European Economic Area can operate as a private trader in business in Finland. In colloquial Finnish, private traders are often referred to as 'toiminimiyrittäjä', ‘toiminimi’, ‘t:mi’ or ‘yksityisliike’. In Finnish legislation, however, ‘toiminimi’ means the company name.
You can always register as a private trader at the Trade Register. This gives protection to your company name, and you can apply for an enterprise mortgage as a security for a loan.
Who must register at the Trade Register?
According to Finnish law, you must register as a private trader at the Trade Register if any of the following applies to you:
- you operate in permanent premises, such as a room separate from your home;
- you employ people other than your spouse, or your child or grandchild who is a minor;
- you operate in a licensed trade.
Who does not have to register at the Trade Register?
Private traders operating in agriculture, forestry or fishing do not have to register at the Trade Register.
Do you live permanently outside Finland?
If you have no permanent place of residence within the European Economic Area (EEA), you need a permit from the Finnish Patent and Registration Office (PRH) to operate as a private trader in Finland. Read more about our permits to persons living abroad.
Please note that if you are from Ukraine, you do not need a permit if you have received a decision on temporary protection from the Finnish Immigration Service. You can register as a business operator at the Finnish Tax Administration free of charge. When you register as a business operator at the Finnish Trade Register, registration is subject to a fee. For the registration you need the Finnish personal identity code given in the Finnish Immigration Service’s decision.
Before filing your start-up notification
Choose your company name carefully. After you have filed your notification, we at the Trade Register examine if there are any obstacles to registering the name. Make sure you do not print your company name on advertising signs or the like before we have approved the name. We recommend that you check names in advance using our name checking service for companies. Go to our Name checking service for companies.Open link in a new tab
It is also important that you define your line of business. The line of business specifies your business operations. A well-defined line of business makes it clear what field the company operates in or is planning to operate in. If a business license is required in your line of business, consult the licensing authority about how to indicate your line of business.
Read more about the line of business in Finnish.Open link in a new tab
Read more about the line of business in Swedish.Open link in a new tab
How to file a start-up notification online
You can file your notification online using the service at ytj.fi, if
- you are at least 18 years old;
- you have a Finnish personal identity code; and
- you have your own personal internet banking codes or a mobile certificate or an electronic identity card (HST card).
Provide the following information (in Finnish or in Swedish):
- personal details;
- your proposal for the company name, and a maximum of two alternative names;
- address and contact details;
You must report the mailing address or street address of the company to the Trade Register. You can also give other details, like your phone number or website and email addresses.
Please note that all address and contact details of the company reported to the Trade Register are public details and available to anyone for example in the company search at ytj.fi. Read more about the public nature of the Trade Register in Finnish.Open link in a new tab
- registered office, or municipality where the company is managed;
- line of business. The line of business to be entered in the PRH’s Trade Register can be more extensive than the general line of business to be registered at the Finnish Tax Administration.
Please provide the information in Finnish or in Swedish.
Video to help with filing online
We've released a video in English with instructions on how to file the start-up notification online. Go to our YouTube channel to watch the video.Open link in a new tab
Do you already have a Finnish Business ID?
If you already have a Finnish Business ID, in other words, you have run a business in Finland previously, or if you for instance want to notify the Trade Register about a company only registered at the Tax Administration, the service at ytj.fi will help you fill in a notification of changes after you have logged in. So in this case you use a notification of changes to notify the Trade Register about your company.
What does it cost to file online?
The online filing fee is 60 euros. You pay the fee after signing the notification.
The fee for filing an auxiliary company name online is 60 euros per name. Use a notification of changes to file your auxiliary company name. Read more about auxiliary company names.
Go to ytj.fi to file your notification.Open link in a new tab Please note that the online service is only available in Finnish and in Swedish.
If you file your start-up notification using paper forms, the processing time will be longer and the fee will be higher than when filing online. Go to our instructions about paper forms.
Monitor the progress of your notification online
Monitor the progress of your notification using the notification search in the Virre Information Service. Search by using the Business ID or the record number. Go to the notification search in the Virre Information Service.Open link in a new tab