Classification principles and sources of information

This section about the principles of classification provides further details about the international classification system for goods and services called the Nice Agreement. The Nice Classification is administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and it has been adopted by many countries.

The basis for classifying goods and services lies in the class headings, the explanatory notes and the alphabetical list of goods and services. The explanatory notes for each class describe the types of goods or services included, and in some cases not included in the class. If it is not possible to classify a product or a service on these grounds, it is done according to the principles stated in the general remarks.
For instance, class 25 for clothing does not cover clothing for protection against accidents, radiation and fire. Such protective clothing belongs to class 9 because, according to the explanatory notes, class 25 does not include certain clothing and footwear for special use.

The alphabetical list of the Nice Classification can be found in TMclass, which is a database maintained by the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) together with national authorities. You can search there for classification terms, i.e. indications of goods and services, which are included in Finnish and in Swedish in the Nice alphabetical list.

Printable version
Latest update 17.06.2019